The acquisition of specific skills is considered as a prerequisite of young person’s entrance into the employment. In this case, it directly plays a pertinent role in the transition path. In other words, there is a large amount of evidence` that suggest formal qualifications are prerequisites to get a stable job for young people . This shows that access into the labour market is guaranteed through specific skills acquisition and educational qualification. To put it differently, lack of these labour market entrance prerequisites tends to lead to social exclusion. However, young people, especially those with migration backgrounds are often at risk of marginalisation. For this purpose, they often leave school path uncompleted with low educational attainment that does not suit the labour market expectation.
To end that, countries such as Austria and Finland manage the deficits with the Youth Guarantee Policy measure, clustered under education and training, employment services, and active labour market measures. Despite that, unsuccessful transitional result involves the decision of the young person’s educational path. Therefore, education and training are vital parts of young people’s school in employment transition process. As a result, most young people face many difficulties after finishing compulsory school with the age of 15, when they are systematically selected for further education. Also, at 15 years, most youngsters are experiencing puberty, seeking for self-identity, and self-decision-making perspectives. In most cases, they are faced with educational expectations which are full of capitalistic and bureaucratic structures. These aspects coupled with other factors disturb their schooling process, rendering them vulnerable to drop out and thus, insufficient qualification. Hence, this shows that disadvantaged young people are often entangled to couple of risky dilemmas that steer their decision-making process during the transition path.
Despite that, there are several distinctive features that link youth labour market system with the educational governance to geared young people`s school to employment transition process. In this view, staying longer in education, vocational training or re-training reduces the risk of unemployment. Also, the investment and guarantee of youth education indicate equal possibilities to participate in the labour market. Thus, the issue of education is a vital aspect of young people’s school to employment process. In light of that, specific skills are acquired that fulfil the prerequisite to labour market entrance. Contrarily, disadvantaged young people are often dropouts with inadequate qualification and skills. Also, their link between schooling and the labour market activities shows a disappointing result with an increasingly high rate of unemployment. This misfortune is typically compensated through measurable benefits of individual training and educational upgrading via active labour market measures. The early labour market programmes provide youths with possibilities to receive a job offer, training, and reintegration assistance into the labour market. Besides, they will have the means to access suitable education and increase their chances to enter the labour market.
In fact, early school intervention leads to exclusive performances in general and vocational education reforms in pre/post-secondary level. In this case, the Authors Stern and Wagner (1999) and Stern (1999) stated that the explanation is as a result of apprenticeship, change of curricula, work experiences, and corporation between school and companies. All of these aspects are blueprints of the Youth Guarantee measure to secure equality of opportunity in the labour market system. However, young people with inadequate specific skills usually face long-term unemployment. Equally, the latter leads to socio-economic stagnation, ill health, and the rise of diverse social risk factor that negatively affect youth’s transition path.
As has been noted, in order to manage, coordinate, and regulate young people’s school to employment transition process, countries embark on active labour market measures. Hence, this is to guarantee education and training with assistance, job search, and coaching. These measures show the result of the educational governance and the employment regime through purposive support and guidance to coordinate and regulate the path.
Eddy Bruno (2016): Education governance as catalyst to stable job . In: School-to-work transition process among (disadvantaged) young People.